Forsythia is a genus of flowering plants in the olive family Oleaceae.
There are about 11 species, mostly native to eastern Asia, but one is native to southeastern Europe.
Forsythia – also one of the plant's common names – is named after William Forsyth.
Forsythias thrive in full sun or light shade, and will grow in almost any soil.
Full sun is ideal! They love it!
They are quite tolerant of the poor growing conditions and the pollutants found in cities.
Although Forsythias aren't really fussy about their growing conditions, they will perform best when given optimum conditions.
The soil should be well-drained.
The addition of peat moss, composted manure, or garden compost to the existing soil will get the plant off to a good healthy start.
Larger varieties of Forsythias should be given plenty of space to grow, to fully appreciate the beauty of the natural cascading shape of a specimen sized plant.
Forsythias benefit from a light annual feeding of an all-purpose (10-10-10) garden type fertilizer, applied in mid-February through mid-May.
Forsythia flowers form on the previous seasons growth, not on new growth, so pruning should be done immediately after the flowers have faded.
Once your Forsythia finishes blooming, take a close look to see what pruning needs to be done.
Each year, you should prune back about one fourth of the oldest stems to within 4" of the ground.
If your Forsythia is drastically overgrown from years of neglect, it may stop blooming altogether.
If this is the case, you can cut the entire plant to the ground.
It may take a few years before you'll see blooms again, but your shrub will come back, better than ever!
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